“Mueller’s Russia investigation” – Google News: Lawmakers intent on sticking to script no matter what Mueller report says – Washington Post

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Lawmakers intent on sticking to script no matter what Mueller report says  Washington Post

Democrats are focused on kitchen-table issues, not Trump controversies, during the two-week recess. Republicans are poised to echo Trump’s refrain of “no …

“Mueller’s Russia investigation” – Google News


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“Peter Strzok” – Google News: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR: We’ll see whether Mueller is so nonpartisan – newportri.com

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LETTERS TO THE EDITOR: We’ll see whether Mueller is so nonpartisan  newportri.com

We’ll see whether Mueller is so nonpartisanWith the redacted Mueller report set to be released Thursday, Beltway scribes and political pundits from both sides of …

“Peter Strzok” – Google News


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“Jared Kushner” – Google News: Kushner Says Middle East Plan Will Be Released In June – smallwarsjournal

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Kushner Says Middle East Plan Will Be Released In June  smallwarsjournal

Jared Kushner, US President Donald Trump’s senior advisor, told foreign diplomats on Wednesday that the “deal of the century” will be released in June, after …

“Jared Kushner” – Google News


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“2016 Presidential Election Investigation” – Google News: How Mueller report will fuel America’s blazing partisan fires – CBC.ca

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How Mueller report will fuel America’s blazing partisan fires  CBC.ca

A closer look at the day’s most notable stories with The National’s Jonathon Gatehouse: Mueller report will mark beginning of new phase of Trump presidency; …

“2016 Presidential Election Investigation” – Google News


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“2016 Presidential Election Investigation” – Google News: Trump calls Russia investigation a ‘con job’ – The Rock River Times

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Trump calls Russia investigation a ‘con job’  The Rock River Times

By Michael Balsamo and Jonathan Lemire Associated Press. WASHINGTON (AP) — The president isn’t waiting. As Washington counts down the final hours until …

“2016 Presidential Election Investigation” – Google News


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“Mueller’s Russia investigation” – Google News: Trey Gowdy is ‘not a fan’ of releasing Mueller report, will ‘further entrench’ both sides – Fox News

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Trey Gowdy is ‘not a fan’ of releasing Mueller report, will ‘further entrench’ both sides  Fox News

Trey Gowdy is “not a fan” of releasing the redacted Mueller report because it will do nothing but “further entrench” opinions already held on the Russia probe.

“Mueller’s Russia investigation” – Google News


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“2016 Presidential Election Investigation” – Google News: Trump Donor Faces a Second Federal Probe – Wall Street Journal

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Trump Donor Faces a Second Federal Probe  Wall Street Journal

A Los Angeles businessman whose interactions with President Trump’s inaugural committee have been under scrutiny is now ensnared in another federal probe …

“2016 Presidential Election Investigation” – Google News


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1. Trump from Michael_Novakhov (196 sites): Lawfare – Hard National Security Choices: A Risk Analysis of Huawei 5G

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Telecommunications networks are special—they are designed to enable wiretapping. Mandates such as the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (CALEA) in the U.S. and similar requirements elsewhere effectively require that the network operator use equipment that contains surveillance hooks to answer government requests. The Greek government personally experienced the drawbacks inherent in this design when unknown parties compromised the Athens cellular network to spy on government officials.

Because of this, telecommunications companies and countries that upgrade their networks must consider the risk of wiretapping when deploying new cellular equipment. Right now, this calculation is playing out in the debate around whether the U.S. and others should use Huawei 5G equipment. There are effectively three options: use Huawei equipment, ban Huawei equipment or simply not upgrade to 5G.

Recently, the U.K.’s Huawei Cyber Security Evaluation Centre Oversight Board released a new report—its fifth—which makes clear that it is impossible to mitigate these risks technically. According to the board, the code that Huawei uses, like so much of the rest of the code running the world, is simply a nightmare: It is complex, written in an “unsafe” manner, using “unsafe” languages. The scale and complexity make it impossible to analyze the code to look for new bugs, let alone efforts at sabotage. Sabotage can be particularly sneaky and very hard to detect even when one does have source code, and even if discovered it can also be almost indistinguishable from a “mistake.”

Even if the U.K. could fully inspect the code and know it is free from sabotage, the build process—the steps that turn the source code into something the computer actually runs—is “nondeterministic.” Each time the code is built, it produces something different, so there is no way to be sure that the final code running on a device is the same code that passed inspection. And even if the builds were deterministic, this couldn’t stop sabotage in the manufacturing process or prevent an unvetted fix from including something extra. I don’t believe these risks are unique to Huawei—the dirty secret is that most of the world’s computing infrastructure is a similar nightmare. But this does mean that nobody can provide technical assurance that particular Huawei networking equipment is free from sabotage.

So the risks of Huawei equipment can be managed only by understanding the political risks: How much is a country willing to bet that Huawei will resist Chinese government pressure? Given that the U.S.’s National Security Agency is known to sabotage equipment in transit, bribe companies to deploy sabotaged standards, and compel cooperation of U.S. companies in intelligence activities, it would be naive to expect any less of China. Further magnifying the risk is that Huawei may actually be a state-owned company.

This leaves three options for countries considering what to do about 5G. First, a country can decide to buy Huawei equipment and save a considerable amount of money in doing so. The risk is simply that every high-level political figure and executive may have their calls monitored by Chinese intelligence. This may actually be a worthwhile trade-off—after all, the damage done by Chinese spies would have to be weighed against the potentially billions of dollars saved from purchasing Huawei equipment. That trade-off just needs to be acknowledged when making purchase decisions.

The second option is to purchase equipment from Huawei’s European competitors, Ericsson or Nokia. These manufacturers are more expensive than Huawei but provide the greatest political assurance: None of the major spying nations can exert the same pressure on Nokia (Finnish) or Ericsson (Swedish) that they can on domestic companies.

The final option is simply to avoid the hype. The claims about 5G being “20x faster” than preexisting 4G are effectively disingenuous marketing as real-world performance rarely reaches the theoretical peak bandwidth but, rather, is limited by the shared communication spectrum. 4G systems are already effectively at the “Shannon limit”— that is, the limitation on the ability to transmit information within a given amount of radio spectrum at a given power. 5G can’t break fundamental laws of nature. Instead, 5G’s greater performance comes from three factors: The first is that 5G adds additional frequencies, providing a greater number of potential channels. These are a major improvement but have limitations, including being significantly more sensitive to rain. The second is improved antennas, which allow a single base-station to talk more efficiently to multiple handsets. The final improvement is smaller cells, so that each tower is providing coverage for a smaller area. All but the additional frequency bands apply just as easily to 4G networks.

So an optimal strategy may be simply to improve 4G by increasing the density of 4G cells: If each cell can move the same amount of traffic, this will substantially improve the total throughput that the network can support. It will also speed most individual connections as most users never experience the full bandwidth on 4G because it is shared with other users. Smaller cells reduce the sharing, giving all the users more potential bandwidth. Then one can simply follow the lead of AT&T, which rebranded its 4G as a “5Ge network”—most of the real advantages of a 5G upgrade are gained at a much lower cost.

The actual decisions will need to be country specific. With any luck, the European nations will use Nokia or Ericsson, while other countries may be wise to simply hold off on upgrading to 5G. But many will undoubtedly chose Huawei. I only hope they make the selection with their eyes open.

Lawfare – Hard National Security Choices

1. Trump from Michael_Novakhov (196 sites)


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1. Trump from Michael_Novakhov (196 sites): “trump and putin” – Google News: Why President Trump’s hard-line approach to Cuba is a mistake – Washington Post

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Why President Trump’s hard-line approach to Cuba is a mistake  Washington Post

It opens the door to increased Russian influence on the island.

“trump and putin” – Google News

1. Trump from Michael_Novakhov (196 sites)


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“Peter Strzok” – Google News: “Spying Is a Judgment”: After Mueller, Will Trump Get His Grand Inquisition? – Vanity Fair

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“2016 Presidential Election Investigation” – Google News: Mexican National Gets Light Sentence for Illegally Voting in Presidential Election – The Epoch Times

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Mexican National Gets Light Sentence for Illegally Voting in Presidential Election  The Epoch Times

A Mexican national was sentenced to one month in prison for illegally voting in the 2016 presidential election, …

“2016 Presidential Election Investigation” – Google News


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“putin and trump investigations” – Google News: Stephen Colbert: French firefighters ‘know how to give a sick burn’ to Trump – The Guardian

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Stephen Colbert: French firefighters ‘know how to give a sick burn’ to Trump  The Guardian

Late-night hosts mourn the Notre Dame, Trump’s need to tweet about it and the ever-expanding field of 2020 candidates.

“putin and trump investigations” – Google News


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“trump putin” – Google News: Daily on Energy: Pence visits Texas to lock down oil driller support for trade deal – Washington Examiner

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Daily on Energy: Pence visits Texas to lock down oil driller support for trade deal  Washington Examiner

SIGN UP! If you’d like to continue receiving Washington Examiner’s Daily on Energy newsletter, SUBSCRIBE HERE: …

“trump putin” – Google News


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Cambridge Analytica from Michael_Novakhov (4 sites): “cambridge analytica” – Google News: Brave’s Android browser now lets you pay publishers – CNET

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Brave’s Android browser now lets you pay publishers  CNET

The Brave Rewards system lays the foundation for advertisers to pay you, too.

“cambridge analytica” – Google News

Cambridge Analytica from Michael_Novakhov (4 sites)


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“Jared Kushner” – Google News: White House’s Kushner urges world to keep ‘open mind’ about upcoming Middle East plan – source – Reuters UK

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White House’s Kushner urges world to keep ‘open mind’ about upcoming Middle East plan – source  Reuters UK

White House senior adviser Jared Kushner urged a group of ambassadors on Wednesday to keep an “open mind” about President Donald Trump’s upcoming …

“Jared Kushner” – Google News


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“Mueller Report” – Google News: Gowdy: Mueller Report Will Only ‘Further Entrench’ People on Both Sides – Fox News Insider

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Gowdy: Mueller Report Will Only ‘Further Entrench’ People on Both Sides  Fox News Insider

The Mueller report will do nothing but “further entrench” opinions already held about the Russia probe, according to Fox News contributor and former …

“Mueller Report” – Google News


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“Trump – Russia Investigations” – Google News: Factbox – Smoke or fire? Contacts between Trump campaign and Russia – Reuters UK

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Factbox – Smoke or fire? Contacts between Trump campaign and Russia  Reuters UK

Attorney General William Barr is due on Thursday to release a redacted version of Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s report on the 22-month investigation into …

“Trump – Russia Investigations” – Google News


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“Manafort” – Google News: Timeline: Big moments in Mueller investigation of Russian meddling in 2016 U.S. election – Reuters

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Timeline: Big moments in Mueller investigation of Russian meddling in 2016 U.S. election  Reuters

Here is a timeline of significant developments in Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation into Russia’s role in the 2016 U.S. presidential election and …

“Manafort” – Google News


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“Jared Kushner” – Google News: Kushner says Middle East Plan will be released after Ramadan – The Jerusalem Post

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Kushner says Middle East Plan will be released after Ramadan  The Jerusalem Post

White House advisor Jared Kushner said that the Middle East Plan will be released after Ramadan in the beginning of June and will require compromises from …

“Jared Kushner” – Google News


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“bank of Cyprus” – Google News: Court told of link between Focus and pay out to ex-CBC head – Cyprus Mail

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Court told of link between Focus and pay out to ex-CBC head  Cyprus Mail

A company was used as a third party to pay former central bank governor Christodoulos Christodoulou €1m on behalf of a bank in Greece that was in the …

“bank of Cyprus” – Google News


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“Manafort” – Google News: Paul Manafort Starts New Job Lobbying Prison Guards On Behalf Of Aryan Brotherhood – The Onion

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Paul Manafort Starts New Job Lobbying Prison Guards On Behalf Of Aryan Brotherhood  The Onion

HOPEWELL, VA—Promising that both parties would reap substantial benefits by striking a deal, former Trump campaign manager Paul Manafort started his new …

“Manafort” – Google News


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“trump putin” – Google News: Kim Jong Un and Vladimir Putin appear on course for summit as North Korea hedges its bets – Philly.com

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Kim Jong Un and Vladimir Putin appear on course for summit as North Korea hedges its bets  Philly.com

Russia is also trying to extend its influence, but any meeting is likely to be longer on symbolism than any major policy shifts.

“trump putin” – Google News


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